IVF, also known as In Vitro Fertilization, is an assisted reproductive technology. It’s the process of fertilization where eggs are extracted, and sperm samples are retrieved; they are then combined in a laboratory dish. Once the embryo begins to form, they are then transferred to the uterus. Other forms of assisted reproductive technology include gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT). If you want to go through IVF, ensure that you select a reputed hospital.
IVF is used as a fertility option in patients if they are experiencing-
- Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
- Male factor infertility, which includes decreased sperm count or sperm mortality
- Women with ovulation disorders like a premature ovarian failure and uterine fibroids.
- Women who had to have their fallopian tubes removed
- Patients who are suffering from a genetic disorder
- Unexplained fertility
If you notice any of the issues mentioned above, then ensure that you take an appointment from a reputed IVF hospital.
Five basic steps are involved in the IVF and embryo transfer:
Step 1- this is where fertility medications are prescribed to stimulate egg production. The doctor will need multiple eggs because some may not develop or fertilize after retrieval.
Step 2- Eggs are retrieved through a surgical process that uses ultrasound imaging and guides the needle to remove the eggs; the surgery is a minor process.
Step 3- The male is asked to produce sperm samples, which is prepared so that it is combined with eggs.
Step 4- This process is called insemination, the sperm and eggs are mixed and they are stored in a lab dish to encourage the fertilization process.
Step 5- The embryos are usually transferred into the woman’s uterus three to five days after egg retrieval and fertilization.
The success rate depends on many factors which include reproductive history, maternal age, infertility causes, and lifestyle factors. If you want to check on the scope of IVF then you have to consult with doctors and get the best reproductive medicine for you. You also have to understand that pregnancy rates are not the same as live birth rates.
You may need to take it easy after the procedure, also you should consult your doctor before taking on the procedure and get the process done at the best infertility hospital. Here are some of the common side effects that women suffer from after IVF treatments-
Passing minimal amounts of fluid, like clear or blood-tinged once the procedure is done
- Mild cramping
- Mild bloating
- Breast tenderness
If you experience any of the following symptoms then contact your doctor immediately:
- Heavy vaginal bleeding
- Pelvic pain
- Blood while passing urine
- High fever
Side effects of the hormonal medications include:
- Mood swings
- Abdominal pain
- Hot flashes
- Abdominal bloating
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